SANTA CRUZ, Calif. (Ivanhoe Newswire) -- Between the applications and financial paperwork, getting any young adult to college is a challenge. Keeping them there can be quite another.
Students who are the first in their family to attend college may face additional roadblocks they did not anticipate. Liliana Martinez and Jade Northover are weeks away from closing the book on high school and starting a new chapter.
Martinez detailed, "I remember when I was younger, I wanted to be an archaeologist, then an artist. Now I want to be a veterinarian."
Northover told Ivanhoe, "I wanted to be this, this, this, and this. My mom's like, you can't be all those things at one time."
So Northover picked two. She'll major in pre-medicine and minor in theater at whichever college offers her the best scholarship. It's all brand new for these two women and their families.
Margarita Azmitia, PhD, studied 200 first-generation students and their majors to determine the challenges facing them and the resources available to them in college. Azmitia said many students automatically choose a STEM major because they hope their degrees pay off and allow them to help their families.
Azmitia said, "So they come into the university and then crash their first quarter, common for a lot of first-generation students, but especially in STEM. And if you flunk some of those courses, you're off step. You're out."
Azmitia said the second biggest challenge is financial. Many students from low-income families feel guilty.
"They are living better than their families, so often what they do is start to send part of their scholarship money or part of their work money back home," explained Azmitia.
Azmitia said first-generation college students should see if their school offers a college culture seminar to help them navigate their new surroundings. Make connections with teaching assistants.
Often they're more accessible than professors. Also join at least one service organization, it's a great place to make friends and find mentors.
Azmitia said nationwide, the first-generation student dropout rate is highest after the first year. For most, it's not academic difficulties causing them to quit school, but a feeling that they don't belong. She says parents should actively remind their students that they do deserve the opportunity to go to college and do belong.