PITTSBURGH (Ivanhoe Newswire) — Here are some numbers to think about: College-educated women make up 50% of the adult workforce, yet they hold only 29% of the U.S. STEM jobs. Now cognitive psychologists at the University of Pittsburgh and University of Rochester are studying whether boys are born with an ability to better understand math concepts.
When it comes to numbers, are boys and girls born with different skill sets? Social scientists studied 80 infants to measure a basic math skill called intuitive number sense. Researchers flashed sets of dots on a screen and recorded where the babies were looking.
Melissa Libertus, Ph.D., a cognitive psychologist at the University of Pittsburgh, told Ivanhoe, “They can tell the difference between the number of dots that they see. They certainly can’t count them. They don’t know that one is eight and one is 16. They know that there’s one quantity that’s larger than the other.”
Researchers also tested older boys’ and girls’ abilities to count and to judge quantities using a tablet. All together the researchers looked at data from 500 kids, age 6 months to 8 years.
Libertus said, “Are boys better than girls at these basic things? The short answer is no. None of the areas that we tested did we see gender differences between boys and girls.”
Researchers say it may be that parents and teachers perceive that boys are better than girls at math. Those stereotypes can shape girls’ math learning. Researchers suggest parents give boys and girls equal access to toys, such as puzzles and blocks. These are activities that can build math skills from the ground up.
The cognitive psychologists with the Learning and Development Center at Pitt say while children aren’t born with gender-specific math skills, it’s possible that differences emerge as girls get older due to the development of other cognitive skills, or from cultural stereotypes.